About Maastricht

Maastricht also known as Mestreech, Maestricht or Mastrique is the capital city of Limburg at the southeast of Netherlands. Maastricht is very popular with tourists for shopping and recreation, and has a large international student population.

Maastricht is an international city close to cities such as Aachen, Liége, Brussels, Antwerp and Düsseldorf.

Brief History

Maastricht is derived from “Mosae Trajectum” meaning “crossing the Mause” referring to the bridge built by the Romans. Maastricht is considered as the oldest settlement in The Netherlands. Maastricht has uninterrupted habitation since Roman times.

Maastricht has a very rich history ranging from the Roman times to World War II to the Maastricht Treaty, leading to the creation of the European Union.

The flag of Maastricht is a red surface with a white five pointed star.

Maastricht Treaty

Formally known as the “Treaty on European Union” was undertaken to integrate Europe. This was done on 7 February 1992 by the members of the European Community in Maastricht.

Maastricht hosted the European Council which drafted the treaty(1991) and upon its entry into force on 1 November 1993.

The Maastricht Treaty creating the European Union led to the creation of the single European currency, the euro.


Maastricht has a population of +- 122 000 residents with over 40 neighbourhoods which is grouped into five districts namely:

  • Maastricht Centrum
    • Binnenstad, Jekerkwartier, Kommelkwartier, Statenkwartier, Boschstraatkwartier, Sint Maartenspoort, Wyck-Céramique
  • North-West
    • Brusselsepoort, Mariaberg, Belfort, Pottenberg, Malpertuis, Caberg, Malberg, Dousberg-Hazendans, Daalhof, Boschpoort, Bosscherveld, Frontenkwartier, Belvédère, Lanakerveld
  • South-West
    • Villapark, Jekerdal, Biesland, Campagne, Wolder, Sint Pieter
  • North-East
    • Beatrixhaven, Borgharen, Itteren, Meerssenhoven, Wyckerpoort, Wittevrouwenveld, Nazareth, Limmel, Amby
  • South-East
    • Randwyck, Heugem, Heugemerveld, Scharn, Heer, De Heeg, Vroendaal

For more information have a look at our Maastricht Map.


Maastricht is quite linguistic diverse, due to its location and international student population.

Languages currently spoken is Maastricht is:

  • Limburgish
  • Dutch
  • French
  • German
  • English


Maastricht has 1677 national heritage sites and is quite well know in Netherlands. Being so history rich Maastricht is an oasis for tourists. Some of the tousist attractions include:

  • Meuse River
  • City fortifications
  • Inner-City (Shopping)
  • Museums
  • Events
  • Festivals



Currently Maastricht is served by three rail operators namely:

  • Veolia
  • Dutch Railways
  • National Railway Company of Belgium


Maastricht can be accessed by a variety of roads with the main roads A79 and A2 running through Maastricht.

Inner city traffic can get quite congested and parking is not always available. It is advised to use bi-cycles and public transport.


Maastricht is serviced by regular city buslines and regional Veolia busslines.


The Maastricht Aachen Airport is located +-10 km north of Maastricht

To easily use transport or navigate you can use our Maastricht Transport Page

Usefull Resources

Veolia – Public Transport

Maastricht University – University Information

VVV Maastricht – Maastricht Tourism Centre

Gemeemte Maastricht – Local Maastricht Municipality

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